Yes, it’s only September. If you are in the financial industry – you know that tax season is looming just around the corner. In Oracle Cloud ERP Payables, generating 1099-MISC forms is a great feature that makes one part of tax reporting an easy task! In this blog are steps you can do now to be ready in January.
In the United States (US), you must report to the Internal Revenue Service certain types of payments that you make to US 1099 reportable suppliers. You can designate suppliers as federally reportable in the supplier setup. When you enter invoices for the supplier, you classify invoice distributions by US 1099 miscellaneous type using the Income Tax Type field. At year end, you can report accumulated US 1099 payment information to the Internal Revenue Service, other tax agencies, and your suppliers, in standard format.
As a note – 1099’s are generated based on payments, not invoices. Also, 1099’s are only generated for suppliers receiving payments totaling over $600 for the year.
If a supplier will require a 1099 generated for the year, it is necessary to have the proper settings in two areas of the supplier. First, locate your supplier using the Manager Suppliers task. Review the settings for:
Supplier > General > Income Tax tab: Needs to have a TIN, Federal Reportable, and a tax type indicated.
Supplier > Sites > General tab: Needs to have the site indicated as the tax reporting site for the supplier.
Enter, Account, and Pay Invoices
When invoices lines are created for the 1099 suppliers, the Income Tax Type will default to the type indicated in the settings for the supplier. The line Income Tax Type can be changed on individual invoice lines as needed for different income types – such as rent or non-employee compensation. These types correspond with the 1099 box to be used, such as MISC1 for rent and MISC7 for non-employee compensation. You can also clear the Income Tax Type field for distributions that aren’t federally reportable.
Reporting Entity Setup
The Reporting Entity controls the Payer information that is printed on the 1099-MISC document. Also, the Reporting Entity determines which payments will be included on 1099’s for the reporting entity. The FSM task Manage Reporting Entities is used to review, change, or edit the tax reporting entities.
There are a few different processes that need to be run to review and generate 1099 reports.
First, you will need to run the processes US 1099 Supplier Exceptions Report and the US 1099 Invoice Exceptions Report to generate a report detailing any conflicts that might exist with 1099 suppliers or income tax types on invoices.
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The US 1099 Supplier Exceptions Report will provide a list of suppliers with the following exceptions:
Make any necessary changes to the suppliers. Rerun report to be sure all exceptions have been corrected.
The US 1099 Invoice Exceptions Report contains the following sections:
– Invoice Distribution Lines for 1099 Suppliers with No Income Tax Type
– Invoice Distribution Lines for Non-1099 Suppliers with an Income Tax Type
*Note that these suppliers will not generate 1099’s. If they are listed and the supplier should not receive a 1099, this is not really an issue as no 1099 will be created.
– US 1099 Suppliers with a Negative Income Tax Type Total
– US 1099 Suppliers with Withholding Exceptions
PLEASE NOTE: If changes need to be made to the Income Tax Type on the line level of an invoice that has been accounted and paid, you can temporarily turn on the options to “Allow adjustments to paid invoices.” To change the setting, go to the FSM Task Manage Invoice Options. In the Invoice Entry section, click the box for “Allow adjustments to paid invoices”.
***Important to flip this setting back to unchecked once the 1099 adjustments have been made***
Make any necessary changes, and the rerun the exception reports until all exceptions have been remedied.
US 1099 Payments Report
Next, run the process US 1099 Payments Report. This will generate a list of all payment details that have been made toward income tax invoice lines. It will group the report by Supplier, then by Income Tax Type. Additionally, it will provide the invoice and payment details.
Again, if any changes need to be made, see the previous section for enabling adjustments to paid invoices. Rerun the report to confirm changes.
Generate 1099 Reports
Below is a list of all the available reporting processes:
o US 1099 Report: Reports the total US 1099 miscellaneous payments for US 1099 suppliers, and generates US 1099 forms for each tax reporting entity in an organization. (alternative: US 1099 Forms Report (Comma Delimited Format) can be used if needed)
o US 1096 Report: Summarizes each US 1099 form type that’s transmitted on paper, as required by the United States Internal Revenue Service. The report is generated on a preformatted Internal Revenue Service form.
o US 1099 Electronic Media Report: Generates summarized US 1099 information in electronic format as required by the United States Internal Revenue Service.
o US 1099 Payments Report: Lists payments made to US 1099 reportable suppliers. (same as in previous section)