As part of the release of the SharePoint 2013 Preview, Microsoft has provided a series of diagrams covering a variety of infrastructure areas. One of the more interesting can be regarded a synopsis of farm topology best practices. Even though this diagram can be rendered on a single page (click here to review an interactive version), it is filled with a variety of useful examples and best practices.
Some of the noteworthy highlights specific to SharePoint 2013 are as follows:
- Virtualization – diagrams illustrating both host and virtual machines are provided as are specific heuristics for the use of Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2012 hosts.
- “Stretched” Farms – distribution of servers across more than one datacenter is no longer supported
- Request Management – the ability to control the routing of specific requests to specific servers (new to SharePoint 2013) via a variety of criteria is illustrated.
- Query Management – a query processing “component” replaces the query “role”. The query processing role is more resource intensive and cannot, in most cases, be instantiated on a web front end.
- Office Web Application – even though Office Web Applications are no longer provided as “service applications”, examples of their configuration are shown.
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What makes this diagram even more interesting is its relevancy for SharePoint 2010. Some of the generally useful content includes:
- minimum fault tolerance configurations
- service application scale out examples
- search scale out examples
- small, medium, and large farm deployments
- physical and virtual topologies
- database placement heuristics
Since the diagram is also provided in Visio format , it can serve as a starting point for documenting any farm topology.